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- Flax is a very important plant because it
is grown for its textile fibres and seeds
the latter are called flaxseed.
Flax is not grown to a great extent in
southern Ireland now, but in former days
it was, because the soil is of a peaty nature.
The flax was first pulled and put into
sheaves. When this was done it was put
into a flax-dam to rett or "bog".
The flax was then taken from the flax-dam
and put on the grass for bleaching.
After this it was pounded with a beetle.
The most important process was the cloving
and it was done with a cloving tongs.
It was then hackled to separate the fine
fibres from the coarse and was warped by
fastening the threads to crooks in a wall
and was then wound into hanks.
The hanks were then sent to the weaver,
where it was woven into shirts and sheets.Transcribed by a member of our volunteer transcription project.